Gum disease relates to the tissues that support the teeth when swelling, infection or general soreness that can affect them. Gum disease can be split into two main types: Periodontal disease and gingivitis.
Firstly, let’s discuss gingivitis. When the gums of the mouth become inflamed they become red and swollen, this is known as gingivitis. A common sign of gingivitis is bleeding of the gums when brushing.
Periodontal disease is what gingivitis can become if left untreated over the long term. As your body ages, the anchoring of teeth to the jawbone is weakened and eventually, teeth can fall out if left untreated. Did you know? More teeth are lost through periodontal disease than because of tooth decay?!
Unfortunately, most people will suffer from gum disease during their lives. It’s a slowly developing condition and with the right treatment, the rate of progression can be slowed so that you can keep your teeth for the duration of your life.
Plaque is the cause of gum disease. Plaque is a layer of bacteria and forms on the teeth and gums every day and is the reason why brushing twice daily is important. Flossing is also recommended to remove play build up between the teeth.
If you are a smoker then you need to be aware of the effect it has on gum disease. Smoking causes bacterial plaque which also leads to gum disease. For gums to heal, then need a healthy supply of oxygen in the bloodstream, but as a smoker, you are causing a lack of oxygen in the blood so gum take longer to heal.
Gum disease, if left untreated can lead to teeth falling out because of the tissue supporting them being lost over time. Sore gums and abscesses may become more frequent so it’s important to visit your dentist for regular checkups. This is especially needed if you notice blood from your gums when brushing your teeth or eating.
A checkup at the dentist will confirm if you are suffering from or at risk of gum disease. An X-ray may be needed to check the amount of bone loss beneath the root of your teeth. A cleaning regime will often be prescribed for you to follow at home to help control further onset of gum disease. As plaque builds up on a daily basis, it’s important to keep to a regular brushing and cleaning schedule. If the bleeding gums stop, then this is a good sign that your cleaning regime is working and your gums are returning to a healthy state.
Are you in Leamington Spa and think you’re experiencing the signs of gum disease? If so, a checkup is all that’s needed to determine if you have gum disease. It’s always best to act sooner than later so that any underlying condition can be diagnosed and treated straight away.
Click here to find a list of dentists in the area.